This guide provides information on how to format citations according to the American Psychological Style Manual (APA). Rules, examples, and resources are provided here to help students understand and apply the APA format to their research papers. Please refer to one of the items in the APA Guides & Resources box at the bottom left side for more detailed information.
Double-space your citations and indent each line after the first line of the citation. Capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title, subtitle and proper nouns. Your citations should be in alphabetical order by the author's last name.
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle.
Dine, P. (2008). State of the unions: How labor can strengthen the middle class, improve out
economy, and regain political influence. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Citing Magazine Articles, Print
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of Article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue
Hamilton-Wright, K. J. (2008). Is your boss a bully?. Essence (Time Inc.), 38(11), 122.
Citing Magazine Articles, Online
Grose, T. K. (2008, July 1). Big labor goes global. Time. Retrieved from
Citing Scholarly Journal Articles, Print
Gunderson, M. (2007). How academic research shapes labor and social policy. Journal of
Labor Research, 28(4), 573-590.
Citing Scholarly Journal Articles, Online with DOI
Kaminski, M., & Yakura, E. K. (2008). Women's union leadership: Closing the gender gap.
WorkingUSA, 11(4), 459-475. doi:10.1111/j.1743-4580.2008.00219.x
Citing Newspaper Articles, Print
Will, G. F. (2011, February 22). Weathering a union storm. The Washington Post, p. A13.
Citing Newspaper Articles, Online
Greenhouse, S. (2011, April 4). Unions rally, linking their cause to Dr. King. The New York
Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/05/us/05rally.html?_r=1&scp
In-text citations provide brief references to resources used in the body or "text" of a paper. They enable readers to locate the full citation on the ablphabetical reference list at the end of a paper. Each source used in a paper must have an in-text citation.
The surname of the author (do not include suffixes such as Jr.) and the year of publication are inserted in the text at the appropriate point. If the author name is part of narrative in the text, cite only the year in parentheses.
Ziegler (2011) stated, ... text.
Otherwise, place both name and year, separated by a comma in parenthesis
Your text..., (Ziegler, 2011).
For a direct quote, APA encourages the use of page numbers: (Ziegler, 2011, p. 29).
Please refer to one of the items in the APA Guides & Resources box at the far left side for more detailed information.
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